involves grouping objects or ideas according to criteria that describe
common features or the relationships among all members of that group.
This procedure enables students to see patterns and connections;
it develops students' abilities to manage or organize information.
is its purpose?
provide an opportunity to share existing knowledge and understanding
extend students' thinking and understanding by requiring them
to organize ideas and incorporate new ones
encourage students to practice acceptance and understanding of
diverse ideas and viewpoints
demonstrate that information can be grouped or classified in more
than one way
can I do it?
categorization procedures should focus on concrete objects such
as toys or materials readily available in the classroom.
the teacher will provide the criteria by which objects are to
be grouped such as size, colour, shape or use. Students will later
develop their own classification guidelines.
students to explain their reasons for placing items in particular
that all students see and understand the relationships.
students to question each other's categorizations.
opportunities for students to categorize their objects according
to criteria of their choosing.
this strategy with the whole class, then progress to small group
and individual categorizing activities.
should move from concrete objects to categorizing pictures, labels,
words and information.
can I adapt it?
kindergarten and grade 1 classrooms, categorize students' names,
their preferences, objects and classroom labels .
activities should be used in all subject areas.
can follow listening and brainstorming
sessions. After a quantity of ideas has been shared, students
can categorize those ideas.
grammar, story mapping,
and webbing are forms of categorizing
drawing attention to the similarities and differences of formats,
language use, authors' styles, and
comparing characters and events in various selections.
related ideas for writing paragraphs.
& Evaluation Considerations
students' ability to understand relationships among items.
students' ability to categorize items using more than one criteria
students' ability to categorize items independently.