is Discussion ?
discussion is an oral exploration of a topic, object, concept or
experience. All learners need frequent opportunities to generate
and share their questions and ideas in small and whole class settings.
Teachers who encourage and accept students' questions and comments
without judgement and clarify understandings by paraphrasing difficult
terms stimulate the exchange of ideas.
is its purpose?
help students make sense of the world
stimulate thought, wonder, explanation, reflection and recall
provide opportunities for students to clarify and expand their
ideas and those of others
promote positive group interaction and conversation
demonstrate questioning techniques
can I do it?
discussions begin with a sincere question (to which there
is no one correct or concise answer) posed by teacher or student.
listeners consider the question.
pauses after students' responses to encourage extended or
students' responses when necessary.
student-student dialogues during the discussion whenever possible.
students' questions and their responses.
the role of sensitive listener, collaborator, mediator, prompter,
learning partner and questioner.
discussions begin with teacher-posed questions that promote
the exploration of a particular theme, topic or issue.
discussion, students should achieve a deeper understanding
of the topic.
some time is spent on teacher-directed questioning, students
should be encouraged to facilitate discussions by continuing
to formulate and pose questions appropriate to the topic of
Stick Circles or Discussions:
stick circles or discussions can be used to encourage students
to reflect on experiences or discuss feelings.
students gather in a circle.
participant holding an assigned object or the talking stick
has the option of speaking while other circle participants
speakers have shared their comments and opinions, they pass
the stick or object to the person next to them.
circles can be used with a large group or small groups, or
with inner-outer circle formations.
circle participants gather in two circles.
students in the outer circle listen to the discussion taking
place in the inner circle, then exchange places and become
active participants in the inner circle
can I adapt it?
should be part of every school subject.
can be incorporated into the following strategies:
and Evaluation Considerations
students' participation and conduct in large and small group discussions.
which students rarely or never ask questions.
the settings, topics, concepts or objects which stimulate the