is Visual Imaging?
practice of imaging or mentally visualizing objects, events or situations
is a powerful process that assists students to construct meaning
as they listen and read. As students read and listen to others,
they incorporate their knowledge and previous experiences to form
images of situations, settings, characters and events. These images
extend students' comprehension, enrich their personal interpretations
and stimulate unique ideas for writing. Imaging provides the opportunity
for students to experience vicariously what they hear, read and
is its purpose?
provide opportunities for students to share personal interpretations
of literary selections
develop students' ability to create images and ideas by relating
their previous knowledge and experiences to what is heard and
develop students' ability to monitor for meaning as they read
can I do it?
reading to students, periodically pause to share your personal
perceptions and images evoked by the author's language.
encourage students to visualize the characters in stories.
extend their visualizing experiences to include the setting
and story events.
personal images and interpretations provides students' with
a deeper understanding of the text.
may record or describe the images evoked by texts in their
reading logs and during conference
As a prewriting activity, teachers can guide students through
an imaging exercise.
students concentrate on a situation, event or experience.
a setting or situation with minimal description and explanation
such as the experience of walking through a forest in late
on using key words related to this experience that will elicit
students to share the images created and the feelings aroused.
determine and record the words or phrases that evoke and describe
words or phrases could be recorded under the categories of
sights, sounds, tastes, smells and feelings.
students try to incorporate these words and phrases in their
should be encouraged to use imaging as a prewriting activity
for independent writing.
Students can be taught to use imaging for remembering and recalling
spellings of words. A basic procedure for helping students visualize
words of current relevance to them and to the topic of study is
the students imagine that they are watching a large video
screen or computer monitor
them focus on a blank screen
a printed word and ask students to print that word on their
students describe the colours and shapes of their letters,
and silently read the letters in order
students write the words on their papers from memory and check
what they have written
students verify spellings by comparing their words to the
their spellings are incorrect, the imaging process should
students are comfortable with creating images of words, they can
apply this strategy independently to encode the spellings of words.
incorporate a new word into their writing vocabularies, students
should look at the word, cover the word, visualize it on their
screen, then write the word from memory and verify what they have
the word is spelled incorrectly, the imaging process should be
When discussing spelling patterns and letter combinations, teachers
should encourage students to use imaging.
recalling the spelling of a word, students should say the word,
visualize it and then write the word.
can I adapt it?
imaging can be used to generate ideas for collaborative writing
can be used to introduce a new concept, topic or literary selection
as a way of having students recall prior knowledge and experiences.
which may incorporate visual imaging include:
reading and thinking
& Evaluation Considerations
students during reading and writing activities to note students'
use of this strategy.
writing conferences, discuss the use of interesting language and
descriptive details that create images for readers.
to students' interpretations of literary selections to determine
the depth of their comprehension, images and personal responses.