is Writing to Inform?
that reports information to others can vary greatly in content and
format. Many learning experiences culminate in expository or informative
writing activities. Students must have opportunities to read a variety
of resources and printed materials for information. During writing,
students can apply their knowledge of the structures and formats
of these materials to organize and convey information.
is its purpose?
develop students' awareness of the organizational structures of
develop students' abilities to use writing to organize, sequence,
record and report knowledge and experience
increase students' ability to read and comprehend informative
or expository text
do I do it?
expository structures to students by reading various resources
in all subject areas. When reading informative text, focus students'
attention on the structure and organization of ideas.
shared experience, students' interests, or a unit or topic of
study in any subject area should provide the topic for collaborative
writing and reporting activities.
students, determine an appropriate topic.
categorize and web what is known about the topic.
students consider the audience to determine the appropriate content
and format of the report.
main ideas and supporting details, incorporating sub-headings
prepare a draft by developing charted ideas into sentences and
the draft and discuss the clarity of the information conveyed.
the draft incorporating students' suggestions.
students consider the audience and purpose of the writing as they
prepare the final draft or copy.
students prepare any accompanying visuals.
display or present the final version to appropriate audiences.
can I adapt it?
to inform may include the following strategies:
books and charts
and Evaluation Considerations
students' ability to organize and convey information through writing.
students' use of their knowledge of text structures to read informative
materials for meaning.
Classroom resource collections should include expository text.
reading to students sessions should include expository as well
as narrative selections.
students should gradually become aware of the structures and language
of expository text. Common organizational patterns of expository
-- features or characteristics of the topic are described.
Some examples may be provided.
-- events or items are listed or ordered chronologically.
-- the subject or topic is compared and contrasted with other
things or events.
and Effect -- the author explains the cause of an event and
and Solution -- a question is presented and solutions are
should have opportunities to orally express ideas and understandings
before being expected to convey information in writing.
the Emerging Phase, students should have opportunities to inform
others by dictating, drawing and writing their ideas.