"The Man of Steel"
Stalin still needed to
convince the people that he was the best choice as leader of the
USSR. To do this, he entered into an intense campaign to have the
people recognize him. Huge portraits of Stalin were place all over
the country, upon walls of large buildings and on small posters
everywhere. Every store had a small statue of him on display, movies
were made about his life, poems, and books even plays were written
to celebrate his great leadership. His presence was everywhere,
but the truths about his atrocities were well hidden.
Religion Under Stalin
Marx had clearly identified organized religion as a threat to the
worker because the loyalty of individual workers should be to each
other, not to a supreme being. As a result, Stalin took steps to
limit the power of religion in the USSR. Churches and mosques were
closed and converted into schools or movie theaters. Religious icons
were melted down, and meetings were banned throughout the country.
Religion was forced to go underground, in order to hide from the
prying eyes of Stalin's police.
Education was vital to the success and growth of the new society
planned for the USSR. Children were the future of the nation and
were easier to influence about the ways of communism. Schools became
much more strict and focused on courses necessary to develop skilled
workers. Discipline was harsh for students in order to make them
disciplined workers for the factories.
The ultimate goal of the education system was to produce a loyal
Soviet citizen intensely proud of Russia's histroy, and capable
of contributing to Stalin's new system. The enforcement of this
educational policy was able to take a backward nation, where few
people could read and write, and to push the literacy rate to 86
percent in rural areas.
It is the duty of each school child to
acquire knowledge persistently so as to become an educated and cultured
citizen and to be of the greatest possible service to his country.
The 20 Rules of Student Behaviors