is Explicit Teaching?
teaching involves directing student attention toward specific learning
in a highly structured environment. It is teaching that is focused
on producing specific learning outcomes.
and contents are broken down into small parts and taught individually.
It involves explanation, demonstration and practise. Children are
provided with guidance and structured frameworks. Topics are taught
in a logical order and directed by the teacher.
important characteristic of explicit teaching involves modeling
skills and behaviours and modeling thinking. This involves the teacher
thinking out loud when working through problems and demonstrating
processes for students. The attention of students is important and
listening and observation are key to success.
is its purpose?
teaching is useful for introducing topics and specific skills. It
provides guided instruction in the basic understanding of required
skills, which students canthen build on through practice, collaboration,
repetition, hands on activities and developmental play.
do I do it?
instruction is a sequence of supports:
a purpose for learning
telling students what to do
them how to do it
their hands-on application of the new learning.
instruction begins with setting the stage for learning,
followed by a clear explanation of what to do (telling),
followed by modeling of the process (showing),
followed by multiple opportunities for practice
(guiding) until independence is attained. Explicit instruction moves
systematically from extensive teacher input and little student responsibility
initially — to total student responsibility and minimal teacher
involvement at the conclusion of the learning cycle.