September 4, 1905
at the homestead,
location and date unknown
women and children thatching roof
near Kamsack, 1905
plowing with oxen
St. Julien district, c. 1910
College Building, University of Saskatchewan
sod at Zealandia
grain to the Lipton elevator
run of the Regina Municipal Railway
and Alberta become provinces on September 1, 1905. In Edmonton, Prime
Minister Wilfrid Laurier attends the festivities on September 1 before
making his way to Saskatchewan. People flock to Regina from every direction
on Inauguration Day, September 4, 1905, to celebrate Saskatchewan’s
entry into Confederation. Territorial Premier F.W.G. Haultain is passed
over in favour of Walter Scott, who is named Saskatchewan’s first
premier. Amédée Forget is the first Lieutenant-Governor.
- The year
marks the mid-point of the great wave of immigration to the West which
began in 1896 and will last until the outbreak of the First World War
- The Saskatchewan
Local Improvement Districts Association, forerunner of the Saskatchewan
Association of Rural Municipalities, is formed.
it had been the territorial capital since 1883, it is not until May
23, 1906 that Regina is officially declared the provincial capital.
The first provincial legislature meets in the former territorial government
building on Dewdney Avenue.
10 is signed with First Nations in northwest Saskatchewan. When the
Hatchet Lake band signs the following year, the entire province is brought
- The winter
of 1906-07 is one of the worst ever. Extreme cold and blizzards take
their toll as nearly 70 per cent of range cattle in southwest Saskatchewan
- The Territorial
Grain Growers’ Association, formed in Sintaluta in 1901, is renamed
the Saskatchewan Grain Growers’ Association. This farmers’
organization, like others which follow, seeks to influence government
policies in agriculture and the grain trade.
- The Union
of Saskatchewan Municipalities, which later becomes the Saskatchewan
Urban Municipalities Association, is formed.
- The University
of Saskatchewan is established by an act of the Saskatchewan Legislature.
Regina, Saskatoon, Moose Jaw, Prince Albert and Indian Head are all
contenders for the site. The following year, Walter Murray is chosen
the first president of the University. In an innovative move, Murray
will insist that the College of Agriculture have equal status with other
- A provincially-owned
telephone system, which will become Saskatchewan Government Telephones,
is formed. A year later, it buys the Saskatchewan assets of Bell Telephone
and the Saskatchewan Telephone Company.
Rural Telephone Company is the first company formed under the new Rural
Telephone Act. Larger centres had telephone service as early as the
1880s. By 1908, however, only 300 farms have telephones.
maturing Marquis wheat, first tested at the experimental farm in Indian
Head, is made available to farmers. Within a few years, Marquis is the
most widely grown variety of wheat in the West.
is chosen as the home of the University of Saskatchewan two years after
the legislation to
create it was passed. The first classes are held in a downtown office
- The cornerstone
is laid for the Legislative Building in Regina.
Minster Wilfrid Laurier lays the cornerstone for the College Building
at the University of Saskatchewan.
- The Weyburn
Security Bank opens, the only Saskatchewan-chartered bank to operate
in the province. When the Depression strikes 20 years later, the bank
runs into trouble and is bought out by the Imperial Bank of Canada in
- The Regina
Rugby Club is formed. In 1924 it becomes the Regina Roughriders and
in 1950, the Saskatchewan Roughriders.
- The census
shows that Saskatchewan is Canada’s third largest province by
Wheeler, a farmer from Rosthern, wins the first of five world wheat
championships and puts Saskatchewan on the map. His entry of Marquis
wheat earns him $1000 at the New York Land Show. Wheeler uses the money
to pay off his farm. A few years later, he goes on to develop new varieties
of barley, wheat and oats.
- The farmer-owned
Saskatchewan Co-operative Elevator Company is formed. Forty-six elevators
are ready for the 1911-1912 crop year.
Clubs are formed to work for better living conditions in rural Saskatchewan.
eight years after the Wright brothers’ historic flight, Bob St.
Henry makes the first airplane flight in Saskatchewan. It takes place
on the western outskirts of Saskatoon.
first electric street railways begin service in Regina and Moose Jaw.
Two years later, Saskatoon streetcars make their inaugural run.
- The Saskatchewan
Anti-Tuberculosis League is organized to fight widespread tuberculosis.
The “white plague” is the leading cause of illness and death
at this time.
- On June
30, the Regina Tornado kills 28 people, destroys 500 buildings and leaves
2500 people homeless.
- The Legislative
Building opens on October 12. Construction cost $1.8 million. More than
30 different kinds of marble are used on stairways, walls, floors and
McNaughton, a farm woman from Harris, becomes president of the newly
formed Women Grain Growers’ Association. The WGGA takes up many
causes including women’s right to vote.
first hospital for the mentally ill opens in North Battleford. It has
325 patients within the first four months.
- The First
World War begins. Over the next five years, 42,000 men and women from
Saskatchewan serve in the armed forces. On the home front, farmers concentrate
on growing wheat to supply the needs of the Allies. People pitch in,
donating money to the Red Cross and the Canadian Patriotic Fund, and
buying Victory Bonds. Women knit socks and send other comforts to soldiers
- The Juniata
Co-operative Association, in the village of Juniata west of Saskatoon,
is the first formed under Saskatchewan’s new co-operative legislation.
By year’s end there are 113 new co-operatives.
- The Better
Farming Train, a classroom on rails, is sponsored by the University
of Saskatchewan, the provincial government and the railways. Travelling
the province until 1922, it brings the latest in science and technology
to farm families.
- The Rural
Municipality of Sarnia, near Holdfast, agrees to pay its own doctor
because local residents do not have the money for medical services.
This is the first time in North America that a community hires a doctor.